top of page


Text will go here

The River

The Mississippi River stands as a monumental natural wonder, proudly holding the title of North America's largest and most significant river. Often affectionately known as the "Mighty Mississippi," its journey commences humbly as a tiny stream, trickling out from the pristine waters of Lake Itasca in Minnesota.


Over the course of an astounding 2,340 miles, this meandering waterway ultimately finds its destiny in the embrace of the Gulf of Mexico.


This majestic river doesn't just flow; it defines the landscape of many states in the heart of the United States, casting its indomitable presence over Arkansas. It stretches along almost the entirety of Arkansas's eastern border, leaving in its wake what we commonly refer to as the "Delta" of eastern Arkansas—a vital component of the nation's most expansive alluvial plain.

Once a realm dominated by swamps, dense forests, and indigenous tribes, this land began to capture the imaginations of scouts, hunters, and even renegades. Steamboats gliding down the Mississippi River opened the eyes of farmers, loggers, and settlers to the myriad advantages this region held, eventually culminating in the establishment of Mississippi County.


For instance, steamboat captains coined Osceola's original name as 'Plum Point.' According to Mark Twain's "Life on the Mississippi," the moniker "famous and formidable Plum Point" emerged when one steamboat inquired about the location of wood for fuel. The response, "go plumb to the point," alluded to enterprising settlers who had stockpiled wood for sale. And thus, the birth of Osceola.


Before long, loggers found their utopia among the diverse woodlands, leading to an expanse blanketed with felled trees. Travelers down the river seeking fertile land soon became enamored with the Delta's bountiful soil, disembarking from steamboats to embark on new lives as farmers in a region capable of nurturing nearly any crop. This transformation was catalyzed by the fertile soil and temperate climate, which allowed cotton to ascend to regal status. Cotton production skyrocketed, with it not being uncommon for steamboats to carry a staggering 500 bales of cotton, the fruit of the land and the labor of local farmers, destined for market. Arkansas, boasting some of the richest and most productive agricultural land in the nation, proudly claims the mantle of the leading rice producer in the United States and a prominent position in cotton and soybean production.



Located in the former Fred G. Patterson Mercantile Store, on the Courthouse Square in historic downtown Osceola, the Mississippi County Museum, operated by the Mississippi County Historical & Genealogical Society, is a true local history museum. The hands on museum is packed with a variety of art, objects, documents, furniture, and advertisements telling the story of the community and its residents.

The museum includes a gift shop & research center.

Great River Road

The Mississippi County Museum is one of more than 70 museums and historic sites showcasing fascinating stories of the Mississippi River. More information about interpretive centers on the Great River Road website.

Mississippi County Museum

209 W Hale Ave, Osceola AR 72370


bottom of page